Loading
pop-up content starts
pop-up content ends

Country profiles

Profiles permanent and temporary migration trends and population for Australia's main migrant source countries.

​​​​​​​​​​Country profile - Nepal

Population

At the end of June 2019, 117,870 Nepalese−born people were living in Australia, more than four times the number (24,820) at 30 June 2009. This is the eleventh largest migrant community in Australia, equivalent to 1.6 per cent of Australia's overseas-born population and 0.5 per cent of Australia's total population. 

For Australia's Nepalese-born migrants:

  • The median age of 27.3 years was 10.1 years below that of the general population.
  • Males outnumbered females—54.7 per cent compared with 45.3 per cent. 1

1 Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Migration Australia

Permanent migration

Australia's permanent Migration Program incorporates economic and family migration and is the main pathway to permanent residence. It includes the Skill stream, Family stream and Special Eligibility visas. The only other way to obtain permanent residence is on humanitarian grounds.

Skill stream visas

The Skill stream is designed for workers who have the skills, qualifications and entrepreneurship most needed in the Australian economy. There are seven components:

  1. ​​Business Innovation and Investment

  2. Distinguished Talent

  3. Employer Sponsored

  4. Global Talent (Independent)

  5. Regional

  6. Skilled Independent

  7. State/Territory Nominated.

Family and Child stream visas

The Family stream allows the permanent migration of close family members, of Australian citizens, permanent residents, and eligible New Zealand citizens. It focuses on partners and parents, but also provides the opportunity for additional family members, such as aged dependent relatives, carers, remaining relatives and orphan relatives, to join their family in Australia.

Child visas allow the permanent migration of children, of Australian citizens, permanent residents, and eligible New Zealand citizens. The Child visa comprises two categories, namely Child and Adoption visas.

Special Eligibility visas

Special Eligibility visas allow former residents and certain people who served in the Australian Defence Force to live in Australia as permanent residents.

The following table shows the size of permanent migration from Nepal by migration category.

Table 1: Permanent migrant places granted, 2016–17 to 2019–20
Migration category2016–172017–182018–192019–20
Business Innovation and Investment000< 5
Employer Sponsored
1,5777481,296884
​Skilled Regional 1
​59
​67
​32
​n/a
​Skilled Independent
​1,032
​843
​1,089
​427
​State/Territory Nominated
​934
​917
​1,122
​1,679
​Regional 2
​n/a
​n/a
​n/a
​1,638
​Global Talent (Independent) 3​
​n/a
​n/a
​n/a
​33
Partner
637460516338
​All other categories
​51
​32
​41
​49
Total places granted 4,290 3,067 4,096 5,048

Source: Department of Home Affairs

1 The Skilled Regional category closed to new applications from 1 July 2019.

2 The Regional migration category commenced 1 July 2019.

3 Global Talent (Independent) category commenced 4 November 2019.

4​ Data has been perturbed to protect the privacy of individuals.

Note: To protect the privacy of individuals, various data confidentiality techniques have been applied. These techniques include:

  • ​​data masking — using primary and secondary suppression methods for values that are deemed to be a disclosure risk

  • perturbation — a data security technique that allows for random data adjustment to prevent the release of identifiable data.

Temporary migration

People can come to Australia for a temporary stay for a range of purposes, for example, visiting Australia for tourism or attending a conference, or for more specific purposes, such as medical treatment, study, skilled work, working holidays or other specialist activities. There are six main categories of temporary residents, which can cover stays of more than three months in Australia.

Visitor visas

Visitor visas are mostly used by people visiting Australia for holidays, tourism and recreation, or to see family and friends. People may also use Visitor visas for certain short-term business activities that do not entail working in Australia.

Working Holiday Maker Program

The Working Holiday Maker Program allows young adults to have an extended holiday and engage in short-term work and study.

Student visa

The Student visa program enables international students to come to Australia to study full-time in a registered course.

Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visa

Allows a business to sponsor a skilled overseas worker if they cannot find an appropriately skilled Australian citizen or permanent resident to fill a skilled position.

Other temporary visas

Other temporary visas include visas that allow people to undertake short-term, non-ongoing highly specialised work, enrich social and cultural development, strengthen international relations or provide training opportunities of benefit to Australia.

New Zealand citizens

Under the 1973 Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement, New Zealand citizens can enter and leave Australia freely and live in Australia indefinitely on grant of a Special Category visa (subclass 444).

Not all categories apply to migrants from Nepal. The following table shows the number of visa grants to migrants from Nepal, for the Student visa program, Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visa and Visitor visas.

Table 2: Temporary visas granted by selected categories, 2016–17 to 2019–20
Temporary visa category2016–172017–182018–192019–20
International Students
ELICOS 15467108
196
Schools2026169
Vocational Education and Training2,9317,41710,5914,937
Higher Education15,16618,67220,64118,802
Postgraduate Research198234325410
Non-Award122077
Foreign Affairs or Defence12614311184
Total: International Student visa grants 18,507 26,579 31,799 24,445
​Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment)
Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visa grants 21,410864941540
Visitors
Tourist13,62617,93325,09923,004
Business visitor702939835792
Total: Visitor visa grants 14,328 18,872 25,934 23,796
​Other temporary
Other temporary visa grants 34,2995,5818,2019,686
Total temporary visa grants 38,544 51,896 66,875 58,467

Source: Department of Home Affairs

1 English Language Intensive Course for Overseas Students (ELICOS).

2 Data excludes Temporary Work (Skilled) (Independent Executive) visa.

3 Excludes Transit visa (subclass 771), Border visa (subclass 773) and Maritime Crew visa (subclass 988).

Main occupations

The following table shows the main occupations for nationals of Nepal, based on Skill stream migration outcomes and Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visa grants.

Table 3: Main occupations, 2016–17 to 2019–20
PeriodTemporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visas 1
No. of migrantsSkill stream migrationNo. of migrants
2019–20
Cooks107
Accountants650
Chefs33
Registered nurses
564
Registered nurses
19
Cooks
293
Bakers and pastrycooks
16
Chefs
102
Software and applications programmers
12
Software and applications programmers
96
Accountants
8
Enrolled and mothercraft nurses
67
Cafe and restaurant managers
7Cafe and restaurant managers
55
General practitioners and resident medical officers
5
Civil engineering professional
43
ICT business and systems analysts
< 5Database and systems administrators, and ICT security specialists
36
Financial brokers
< 5Computer network professionals28
2018–19
Cooks152Accountants353
Chefs92Cooks333
Cafe and restaurant managers24Registered nurses257
Accountants21Software and applications programmers121
Bakers and pastry cooks13Chefs101
Software and applications programmers10Database and systems administrators, and ICT security specialists94
General practitioners and resident medical officers7Civil engineering professionals56
Registered nurses6Cafe and restaurant managers41
Structural steel and welding trades workers< 5ICT business and systems analysts33
Hotel and motel managers< 5Computer network professionals31
2017–18
Cooks169Accountants263
Chefs97Registered nurses223
Cafe and restaurant managers26Cooks161
Bakers and pastry cooks15Civil engineering professionals69
Accountants10Software and applications programmers68
Hairdressers7Chefs64
Financial brokers6Computer network professionals30
Registered nurses6ICT business and systems analysts29
Hotel and motel managers5Cafe and restaurant managers25
Software and applications programmers5Bakers and pastry cooks25
2016–17
Cooks336Accountants304
Chefs161Cooks291
Cafe and restaurant managers51Registered nurses236
Bakers and pastry cooks21Chefs163
Accountants18Software and applications programmers95
Registered nurses11Civil engineering professionals54
University lecturers and tutors7Cafe and restaurant managers49
Welfare support workers7Auditors, company secretaries and corporate treasurers46
General practitioners and resident medical officers6Computer network professionals44
Hairdressers6Electronics engineers37

Source: Department of Home Affairs

1 Data excludes Temporary Work (Skilled) (Independent Executive) visa.

Note: To protect the privacy of individuals, various data confidentiality techniques have been applied. These techniques include:

  • ​​​data masking — using primary and secondary suppression methods for values that are deemed to be a disclosure risk

  • perturbation — a data security technique that allows for random data adjustment to prevent the release of identifiable data.

Note: Occupation level information is available for primary applicants only, and is based on Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations unit level data.

Geographic distribution

The following table shows the geographic distribution of migrants, based on permanent additions for the Skill and Family streams, international student visa grants, and Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visa grants.

Table 4: Geographic distribution
PopulationNSWVic.QldSAWATas.NTACT
Census 2016 (%)
Of all persons322520711212
Of Nepalese-born5917955121
Permanent additions - 2019–20 (%)
Skill stream
31
15
9
6
3
16
8
11
Family and Child stream54
23
8
74
21
1
Temporary visa grants - 2019–20 (%)
International student visa grants53
1913
8
4
112
Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visa (primary) grants 151
17
21
08
01
1

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics and Department of Home Affairs

1 Data excludes Temporary Work (Skilled) (Independent Executive) visa.

Note: Permanent additions consist of two components; those persons who, while already in Australia on a temporary basis, are granted permanent residence status or those persons who have subsequently arrived from overseas during the reporting period and are entitled to stay permanently in Australia.

Country ranking

This table uses rankings to show the significance of Nepalese migration for the past four financial years.

Table 5: Country ranking, 2016–17 to 2019–20
Ranked position of migrants2016–17
2017–18
2018–19
2019–20
Population in Australia 127
24
17
11
Regional
n/a
n/a
n/a
4
Employer Sponsored611
7
9
Total Skill stream7
8
6
6
Total Family and Child stream19
21
2127
International students4
3
33
Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visa 2 1316
1619
Visitors33
31
27
26

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics and Department of Home Affairs

1 Population level data is by country of birth and lags one year behind the financial year specified. Data based on the estimated residential population at 30 June; 2016, 2017, 2018 and 2019.

2 Data excludes Temporary Work (Skilled) (Independent Executive) visa.