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Country profile - Nepal

​​​​​​​​​Population

At the end of June 2022, 151,140 Ne​palese−born people were living in Australia, almost five times the number (30,730) at 30 June 2012. This is the tenth largest migrant community in Australia, equivalent to 2.0 per cent of Australia's overseas-born population and 0.6 per cent of Australia's total population.

For Australia's Nepalese-born migrants:

  • The median age of 28.6 years was 9.9 years below that of the general population.
  • Males outnumbered females—55.4 per cent compared with 44.6 per cent.
(Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, ​Australia’s Population by Country of Birth)​​​

Permanent migration

Australia's permanent Migration Program incorporates economic and family migration and is the main pathway to permanent residence. It includes the Skill stream, Family stream and Special Eligibility visas. The only other way to obtain permanent residence is on humanitarian grounds.

Skill stream visas

The Skill stream is designed for workers who have the skills, qualifications and entrepreneurship most needed in the Australian economy. There are seven components:

  1. Business Innovation and Investment

  2. Distinguished Talent

  3. Employer Sponsored

  4. Global Talent (Independent)

  5. Regional

  6. Skilled Independent

  7. State/Territory Nominated.

Family and Child stream visas

The Family stream allows the permanent migration of close family members, of Australian citizens, permanent residents, and eligible New Zealand citizens. It focuses on partners and parents, but also provides the opportunity for additional family members, such as aged dependent relatives, carers, remaining relatives and orphan relatives, to join their family in Australia.

Child visas allow the permanent migration of children, of Australian citizens, permanent residents, and eligible New Zealand citizens. The Child visa comprises two categories, namely Child and Adoption visas.

Special Eligibility visas

Special Eligibility visas allow former residents and certain people who served in the Australian Defence Force to live in Australia as permanent residents.

The following table shows the size of permanent migration from Nepal by migration category.

Table 1: Permanent migrant places granted, 2019–20 to 2022–23
Migration category2019–202020–212021–22​2022–23
Business Innovation and Investment<51512<5
Employer Sponsored884597696761
Skilled Independent427270552,763
State/Territory Nominated1,6971,6692,7373,367
Regional 11,6381,198
2,472
4,380
Global Talent (Independent) 233967626
Partner338843541

675

All other categories 349263969
Total places granted 5,048 4,714 6,628 12,041
Source: Department of Home Affairs
1The Regional migration category commenced 1 July 2019.
2Global Talent (Independent) category commenced 4 November 2019.
3Data has been perturbed to protect the privacy of individuals.
Note: To protect the privacy of individuals, various data confidentiality techniques have been applied. These techniques include, data masking — using primary and secondary suppression methods for values that are deemed to be a disclosure risk and perturbation — a data security technique that allows for random data adjustment to prevent the release of identifiable data.​

Temporary migration

People can come to Australia for a temporary stay for a range of purposes, for example, visiting Australia for tourism or attending a conference, or for more specific purposes, such as medical treatment, study, skilled work, working holidays or other specialist activities. There are six main categories of temporary residents, which can cover stays of more than three months in Australia.

Note: Not all categories apply to migrants from each country.

Visitor visas

Visitor visas are mostly used by people visiting Australia for holidays, tourism and recreation, or to see family and friends. People may also use Visitor visas for certain short-term business activities that do not entail working in Australia.

Working Holiday Maker Program

The Working Holiday Maker Program allows young adults to have an extended holiday and engage in short-term work and study.

Student visa

The Student visa program enables international students to come to Australia to study full-time in a registered course.

Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visa

Allows a business to sponsor a skilled overseas worker if they cannot find an appropriately skilled Australian citizen or permanent resident to fill a skilled position.

Other temporary visas

Other temporary visas include visas that allow people to undertake short-term, non-ongoing highly specialised work, enrich social and cultural development, strengthen international relations or provide training opportunities of benefit to Australia.

New Zealand citizens

Under the 1973 Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement, New Zealand citizens can enter and leave Australia freely and live in Australia indefinitely on grant of a Special Category visa (subclass 444).

The following table shows the number of visa grants to migrants from Nepal, for Visitor, Student and Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visas.

Table 2: Temporary visas granted by selected categories, 2019–20 to 2022–23
Temporary visa category2019–202020–212021–22​2022–23
Visitor23,796
4,30318,76641,726
Student24,44520,58530,66740,731
Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment)5405978951,503
Other temporary visa grants 19,68610,35811,54442,680
Total temporary visa grants 58,467 35,843 61,872 126,640
Source: Department of Home Affairs
1Excludes Transit visa (subclass 771), Border visa (subclass 773) and Maritime Crew visa (subclass 988).

Main occupations

The following table shows the main occupations for nationals of Nepal, based on Skill stream migration outcomes and Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visa grants.

Table 3: Main occupations, 2019–20 to 2022–23
PeriodTemporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visasNo. of migrantsSkill stream migrationNo. of migrants
2022–23Chefs260Registered nurses2,558
Cooks187Accountants1,246
Bakers and pastrycooks62Enrolled and mothercraft nurses367
Cafe and restaurant managers38Chefs322
Software and applications programmers25Cooks162
Structural steel and welding trades workers22Software and applications programmers153
Accountants19Welfare, recreation and community arts workers99
Computer network professionals14ICT business and systems analysts86
ICT business and systems analysts12Civil engineering professionals80
General practitioners and resident medical officers11Computer network professionals77
2021–22Chefs213ICT business and systems analysts1,267
Cooks69Auditors, company secretaries and corporate treasurers358
Accountants44Cooks243
Software and applications programmers21Database and systems administrators, and ICT security specialists152
Registered nurses19Massage therapists146
Bakers and pastrycooks11Electrical engineers111
Physiotherapists8Animal attendants and trainers111
Cafe and restaurant managers7Multimedia specialists and web developers94
Civil engineering professionals6ICT support and test engineers51
Computer network professionals6Agricultural technicians47
2020–21Cooks96Registered nurses724
Chefs88Accountants188
Registered nurses20Software and applications programmers148
Software and applications programmers15Chefs132
Cafe and restaurant managers9Cooks125
Accountants8ICT business and systems analysts60
Bakers and pastrycooks8Civil engineering professionals54
Civil engineering professionals6Enrolled and mothercraft nurses51
General practitioners and resident medical officers6Computer network professionals36
ICT business and systems analysts5Database and systems administrators, and ICT security specialists34
2019–20Cooks107Accountants650
Chefs33Registered nurses564
Registered nurses19Cooks293
Bakers and pastrycooks16Chefs102
Software and applications programmers12Software and applications programmers96
Accountants8Enrolled and mothercraft nurse67
Cafe and restaurant managers7Cafe and restaurant managers55
General practitioners and resident medical officers5Civil engineering professionals43
ICT business and systems analysts<5Database and systems administrators, and ICT security specialists36
Financial brokers<5Computer network professionals28
​​
Source: Department of Home Affairs
Note: To protect the privacy of individuals, various data confidentiality techniques have been applied. These techniques include, data masking — using primary and secondary suppression methods for values that are deemed to be a disclosure risk and perturbation — a data security technique that allows for random data adjustment to prevent the release of identifiable data.
Note: Occupation level information is available for primary applicants only, and is based on Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations unit level data.

Geographic distribution

The following table shows the geographic distribution of migrants, based on permanent additions for the Skill and Family streams, international student visa grants, and Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visa grants.

Table 4: Geographic distribution
​PopulationNSWVicQldSAWATasNT​ACT
Census 2021 (%)
Of all persons322620710212
Of Nepalese-born5316964525
Permanent additions - 2022–23 (%)
​Skill stream311489417810
Family and Child stream53181173323
Temporary visa grants - 2022–23 (%)
International student visa grants521511105222
Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visa (primary) grants57221225010
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics and Department of Home Affairs
Note: Permanent additions consist of two components; those persons who, while already in Australia on a temporary basis, are granted permanent residence status or those persons who have subsequently arrived from overseas during the reporting period and are entitled to stay permanently in Australia.

Country ranking

This table uses rankings to show the significance of Nepalese migration for the past four financial years.

Table 5: Country ranking, 2019–20 to 2022–23
Ranked position of migrants2019–202020–212021–22​2022–23
Population in Australia 111111110
Regional4322
Employer Sponsored98910
Total Skill stream6533
Total Family and Child stream27232413
International students3333
Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visa19161614
Visitors26101420
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics and Department of Home Affairs
1Population level data is by country of birth and lags one year behind the financial year specified. Data based on the estimated residential population at 30 June; 2019, 2020, 2021 and 2022.
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