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Country profiles

Profiles permanent and temporary migration trends and population for Australia's main migrant source countries.

Country profile - Nepal

Population

At the end of June 2020, 131,830 Nepalese−born people were living in Australia, almost five times the number (27,200) at 30 June 2010. This is the eleventh largest migrant community in Australia, equivalent to 1.7 per cent of Australia's overseas-born population and 0.5 per cent of Australia's total population.

For Australia's Nepalese-born migrants:

  • The median age of 27.9 years was 9.8 years below that of the general population.
  • Males outnumbered females—54.1 per cent compared with 45.9 per cent. 1

1 Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Migration Australia

Permanent migration

Australia's permanent Migration Program incorporates economic and family migration and is the main pathway to permanent residence. It includes the Skill stream, Family stream and Special Eligibility visas. The only other way to obtain permanent residence is on humanitarian grounds.

Skill stream visas

The Skill stream is designed for workers who have the skills, qualifications and entrepreneurship most needed in the Australian economy. There are seven components:

  1. ​​Business Innovation and Investment

  2. Distinguished Talent

  3. Employer Sponsored

  4. Global Talent (Independent)

  5. Regional

  6. Skilled Independent

  7. State/Territory Nominated.

Family and Child stream visas

The Family stream allows the permanent migration of close family members, of Australian citizens, permanent residents, and eligible New Zealand citizens. It focuses on partners and parents, but also provides the opportunity for additional family members, such as aged dependent relatives, carers, remaining relatives and orphan relatives, to join their family in Australia.

Child visas allow the permanent migration of children, of Australian citizens, permanent residents, and eligible New Zealand citizens. The Child visa comprises two categories, namely Child and Adoption visas.

Special Eligibility visas

Special Eligibility visas allow former residents and certain people who served in the Australian Defence Force to live in Australia as permanent residents.

The following table shows the size of permanent migration from Nepal by migration category.

Table 1: Permanent migrant places granted, 2017–18 to 2020–21

Migration category

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

2020–21

Business Innovation and Investment

0

0

< 5

15

Employer Sponsored

748

1,296

884

597

Skilled Regional 1

67

32

n/a

n/a

Skilled Independent

843

1,089

427

270

State/Territory Nominated

917

1,122

1,679

1,669

Regional 2

n/a

n/a

1,638

1,198

Global Talent (Independent) 3

n/a

n/a

33

96

Partner

460

516

338

843

All other categories 4

32

41

49

26

Total places granted

3,067

4,096

5,048

4,714

Source: Department of Home Affairs

1 The Skilled Regional category closed to new applications from 1 July 2019.

2 The Regional migration category commenced 1 July 2019.

3 Global Talent (Independent) category commenced 4 November 2019.

4​ Data has been perturbed to protect the privacy of individuals.

Note: To protect the privacy of individuals, various data confidentiality techniques have been applied. These techniques include:

  • ​​data masking — using primary and secondary suppression methods for values that are deemed to be a disclosure risk

  • perturbation — a data security technique that allows for random data adjustment to prevent the release of identifiable data.

Temporary migration

People can come to Australia for a temporary stay for a range of purposes, for example, visiting Australia for tourism or attending a conference, or for more specific purposes, such as medical treatment, study, skilled work, working holidays or other specialist activities. There are six main categories of temporary residents, which can cover stays of more than three months in Australia.

Note: Not all categories apply to migrants from each country.

Visitor visas​

Visitor visas are mostly used by people visiting Australia for holidays, tourism and recreation, or to see family and friends. People may also use Visitor visas for certain short-term business activities that do not entail working in Australia.

Working Holiday Maker Program

The Working Holiday Maker Program allows young adults to have an extended holiday and engage in short-term work and study.

Student visa

The Student visa program enables international students to come to Australia to study full-time in a registered course.

Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visa

Allows a business to sponsor a skilled overseas worker if they cannot find an appropriately skilled Australian citizen or permanent resident to fill a skilled position.

Other temporary visas

Other temporary visas include visas that allow people to undertake short-term, non-ongoing highly specialised work, enrich social and cultural development, strengthen international relations or provide training opportunities of benefit to Australia.

New Zealand citizens

Under the 1973 Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement, New Zealand citizens can enter and leave Australia freely and live in Australia indefinitely on grant of a Special Category visa (subclass 444).

The following table shows the number of visa grants to migrants from Nepal, for Visitor, Student and Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visas.

Table 2: Temporary visas granted by selected categories, 2017–18 to 2020–21

Temporary visa category

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

2020–21

Visitor

18,872

25,934

23,796

4,303

Student

26,579

31,799

24,445

20,585

Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment)

864

941

540

597

Other temporary visa grants 1

5,581

8,201

9,686

10,358

Total temporary visa grants

51,896

66,875

58,467

35,843

Source: Department of Home Affairs

1​Excludes Transit visa (subclass 771), Border visa (subclass 773) and Maritime Crew visa (subclass 988).​

Main occupations

The following table shows the main occupations for nationals of Nepal, based on Skill stream migration outcomes and Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visa grants.

Table 3: Main occupations, 2017–18 to 2020–21

Period

 Temporary Resident  (Skilled Employment) visas

No. of migrants

Skill stream migration

No. of migrants

2020–21

 

Cooks

96

Registered nurses

724

 

Chefs

88

Accountants

188

 

Registered nurses

20

Software and applications programmers

148

 

Software and applications programmers​​

15

Chefs

132

 

Cafe and restaurant managers

9

Cooks

125

 

Accountants

8

ICT business and systems analysts

60

 

Bakers and pastrycooks

8

Civil engineering professionals

54

 

Civil engineering professionals

6

Enrolled and mothercraft nurses

51

 

General practitioners and resident medical officers

6

Computer network professionals

36

 

ICT business and systems analysts

5

Database and systems administrators, and ICT security specialists

34

2019–20

 

Cooks

107

Accountants

650

 

Chefs

33

Registered nurses

564

 

Registered nurses

19

Cooks

293

 

Bakers and pastrycooks

16

Chefs

102

 

Software and applications programmers

12

Software and applications programmers

96

 

Accountants

8

Enrolled and mothercraft nurses

67

 

Cafe and restaurant managers

7

Cafe and restaurant managers

55

 

General practitioners and resident medical officers

5

Civil engineering professionals

43

 

ICT business and systems analysts

< 5

Database and systems administrators, and ICT security specialists

36

 

Financial brokers

< 5

Computer network professionals

28

2018–19

 

Cooks

152

Accountants

353

 

Chefs

92

Cooks

333

 

Cafe and restaurant managers

24

Registered nurses

257

 

Accountants

21

Software and applications programmers

121

 

Bakers and pastrycooks

13

Chefs

101

 

Software and applications programmers

10

Database and systems administrators, and ICT security specialists

94

 

General practitioners and resident medical officers

7

Civil engineering professionals

56

 

Registered nurses

6

Cafe and restaurant managers

41

 

Structural steel and welding trades workers

< 5

ICT business and systems analysts

33

 

Hotel and motel managers

< 5

Computer network professionals

31

2017–18

 

Cooks

169

Accountants

263

 

Chefs

97

Registered nurses

223

 

Cafe and restaurant managers

26

Cooks

161

 

Bakers and pastrycooks

15

Civil engineering professionals

69

 

Accountants

10

Software and applications programmers

68

 

Hairdressers

7

Chefs

64

 

Financial brokers

6

Computer network professionals

30

 

Registered nurses

6

ICT business and systems analysts

29

 

Hotel and motel managers

5

Cafe and restaurant managers

25

 

Software and applications programmers

5

Bakers and pastrycooks

25

Source: Department of Home Affairs

Note: To protect the privacy of individuals, various data confidentiality techniques have been applied. These techniques include:

  • data masking — using primary and secondary suppression methods for values that are deemed to be a disclosure risk

  • perturbation — a data security technique that allows for random data adjustment to prevent the release of identifiable data.

Note: Occupation level information is available for primary applicants only, and is based on Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations unit level data.

Geographic distribution

The following table shows the geographic distribution of migrants, based on permanent additions for the Skill and Family streams, international student visa grants, and Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visa grants.

Table 4: Geographic distribution

Population

NSW

Vic.

Qld

SA

WA

Tas.

NT

ACT

Census 2016 (%)

Of all persons

32

25

20

7

11

2

1

2

Of Nepalese-born

59

17

9

5

5

1

2

1

Permanent additions - 2020–21 (%)

Skill stream

36

12

10

10

5

10

5

12

Family and Child stream

59

18

11

4

4

2

1

2

Temporary visa grants - 2020–21 (%)

International student visa grants

55

16

13

8

3

1

1

3

Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visa (primary) grants

56

12

18

1

7

1

2

3

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics and Department of Home Affairs

Note: Permanent additions consist of two components; those persons who, while already in Australia on a temporary basis, are granted permanent residence status or those persons who have subsequently arrived from overseas during the reporting period and are entitled to stay permanently in Australia.

Country ranking

This table uses rankings to show the significance of Nepalese migration for the past four financial years.

Table 5: Country ranking, 2017–18 to 2020–21

Ranked position of migrants

2017–18

2018–19

2019–20

2020–21

Population in Australia 1

24

17

11

11

Regional

n/a

n/a

4

3

Employer Sponsored

11

7

9

8

Total Skill stream

8

6

6

5

Total Family and Child stream

21

21

27

23

International students

3

3

3

3

Temporary Resident (Skilled Employment) visa

16

16

19

16

Visitors

31

27

26

10

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics and Department of Home Affairs

1 Population level data is by country of birth and lags one year behind the financial year specified. Data based on the estimated residential population at 30 June; 2017, 2018, 2019 and 2020.

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