More than 5 million people have become citizens since Australian citizenship was introduced in 1949.
Former nationality or citizenship
In 1949, during the inaugural year of the Nationality and Citizenship Act 1948, Australian citizenship was granted to 2,493 people from just over 35 different nationalities. The top 5 nationalities (and number of grants) at that time according to the Australian Yearbook 1953, ABS were:
- Italian (708)
- Polish (597)
- Greek (276)
- German (225)
- Yugoslav (80)
In 2019-20, a total of 204,817 people became Australian citizens by conferral, representing over 200 different nationalities.
The following table shows the number of people who were conferred as Australian citizens in 2019-20, according to their former nationality.
| Number of people who acquired Australian citizenship via conferral, by top 10 nationalities (1 July 2019 to 30 June 2020)|
|Country of nationality||No. of people|
|United Kingdom|| 25,011|
| Vietnam|| 6,804|
| Sri Lanka|| 6,195|
| South Africa|| 5,438|
| New Zealand|| 5,367|
| Afghanistan|| 5,102|
*“China” denotes mainland China only and does not include the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.