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Australian citizenship statistics

More than 5 million people have become citizens since Australian citizenship was introduced in 1949.

Former nationality or citizenship

In 1949, during the inaugural year of the Nationality and Citizenship Act 1948, Australian citizenship was granted to 2,493 people from just over 35 different nationalities. The top 5 nationalities (and number of grants) at that time according to the Australian Yearbook 1953, ABS were:

  • Italian (708)
  • Polish (597)
  • Greek (276)
  • German (225)
  • Yugoslav (80)

In 2018-19, a total of 127,674 people became Australian citizens by conferral from at least 200 different countries.

The following table shows the number of people who were conferred as Australian citizens in 2018-19, according to their former nationality.

Number of people who acquired Australian citizenship via conferral, by top 10 nationalities (1 July  2018 to 30 June 2019)
NationalityNo. of people
India 28,470
United Kingdom 13,364
Philippines 9,267
China* 7,974
Sri Lanka 4,861
Vietnam 3,501
Pakistan 3,360
Nepal 3,294
Iraq 3,087
South Korea 3,062
Other 47,434
Total 127,674

*“China” denotes mainland China only and does not include the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.