You might be required to undergo health examinations as part of the visa application process. A report containing the results of these examinations will then be assessed to determine if you meet the health requirement.
Permanent and provisional visa applicants
All applicants for permanent and provisional visas including the main applicant, spouse and any members of the family unit must be assessed against the health requirement. In addition, in certain circumstances, family members who are not applying for the visa (non-migrating family members) will be assessed against the health requirement.
Any person not included in the application (non-migrating family member) will not have automatic right of entry to Australia by way of the application. Whether they can migrate will depend on the migration settings at the time they apply, their circumstances and their ability to meet visa requirements, including the health requirement.
The table below outlines health examinations that you and members of your family unit (if applying to migrate with you to Australia) will generally be required to undertake.
|Aged under 2 years||Aged 2 or more but under 11 years||Aged 11 or more but under 15 years||Aged 15 or more years|
- Medical examination
Plus if you are from a higher risk country for Tuberculosis (TB) or are applying for a refugee or humanitarian type visa - TB Screening test (TST or IGRA)**
- Medical examination
- Chest x-ray
- Medical examination
- Chest x-ray
- HIV test
*Applicants might have already undertaken a health assessment for their visa. However, we reserve the right to request additional health examinations as part of this visa application process.
**Tuberculin Skin Test (TST); Interferon-Gamma Release Assay (IGRA).
Important: Additional health examinations might be requested where considered appropriate on clinical grounds. You will also be required to complete additional tests if you:
- are aged 15 or over and are intending to work as (or study to be) a doctor, dentist, nurse or paramedic in Australia (hepatitis B and C testing will also be required)
- are aged 15 or over and applying for an onshore protection type visa (hepatitis B and C tests and syphilis testing will be required)
- are aged 15 or over and applying for a refugee type visa (syphilis testing and additional tests where requested to address specific health risks will be required)
- are pregnant and intend to have the baby in Australia (hepatitis B testing will also be required)
- are a child for adoption or a child in the care of an Australian state or territory government welfare authority (HIV and hepatitis B testing is required)
- have a specific health condition that is identified during your initial health examinations or as part of the visa application process.
Temporary visa applicants
If you are applying for a temporary visa, the type of health examination you need to undergo will depend on a number of factors including:
- the type of visa that you are applying for
- the length of your intended stay in Australia
- your country level of tuberculosis risk as explained below
- your intended activities in Australia
- any special circumstances that might be applicable, and/or
- the presence of any significant medical conditions.
If you have already lodged a visa application, you will be advised by our online systems or your case officer which health examinations you are required to complete.
If you have not yet lodged a visa application, the information provided below will help you determine what health examinations (if any) you are likely to be asked to complete.
Note: if you want to complete your health examinations before lodging a visa application, you will need to use our
My Health Declarations service first which will tell you which health examinations (if any) are required based on the information in the tables below, and the information that you enter in your
My Health Declarations form. Ensure you answer the questions in this form carefully so that the correct health examinations are generated for you where possible.
What health examinations are required for my temporary visa application?
The table below outlines the health examinations that you will generally be required to undertake for your temporary visa application. It is, however, important to be aware that:
- if your health is considered to be of
special significance, because you are undertaking certain activities in Australia, you will be required to complete additional health examinations as explained further below
- if you have already been in Australia in the last 28 days, we include any time you have already spent in Australia when determining the length of stay for your new visa application from a health perspective, and
- you might be required to complete additional tests if you have a specific health condition that is identified during your initial health examinations or as part of the visa application process.
The table below outlines health examinations that you will generally be required to undertake for your temporary visa application.
|Country TB risk level #||You intend to stay in Australia for less than six months||You intend to stay in Australia for six months or more|
|Countries which do
not generally require immigration health examinations – see below||No health examinations required unless special significance applies||No health examinations required unless special significance applies|
Countries which do require immigration health examinations – see below
|No health examinations required unless special significance applies |
Any special significance requirements must be met
- Medical examination
- Chest x-ray examination (if aged 11 years or over).
# The relevant country is your country of citizenship as evidenced by the travel document that you are using to apply for your visa unless you have spent more than three consecutive months in a country which does require health examinations (see below).
Which countries do
not require immigration health examinations?
The countries below, which are lower risk in terms of TB, do
not generally need to complete immigration health examinations for a temporary visa unless special significance applies:
Albania; American Samoa; Andorra; Antigua and Barbuda; Argentina; Aruba; Australia; Austria;
Bahamas; Bahrain; Barbados; Belgium; Belize; Bermuda; Bonaire; Bouvet Island; Bulgaria;
Canada; Cayman Islands; Chile; Christmas Island; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Cook Islands; Costa Rica; Croatia; Cuba; Curacao; Cyprus; Czech Republic;
Falkland Islands; Faroe Islands; Finland; France; French Polynesia; FYR Macedonia (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia);
Germany; Gibraltar; Greece; Grenada; Guadeloupe;
Heard and McDonald Islands; Hungary;
Iceland; Iran; Ireland; Israel; Italy;
Jamaica; Japan; Jordan;
Lebanon; Lichtenstein; Luxembourg;
Malta; Mauritius; Mexico; Monaco; Montenegro; Montserrat;
Netherlands; Netherlands Antilles; New Caledonia; New Zealand; Niue; Norfolk Island; Norway;
Palestinian Authority; Pitcairn Island; Poland; Portugal; Puerto Rico;
Saint Eustatius & Saba; Saint Helena (Ascension and Tristan da Cunha); Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Martin (Dutch); Samoa; San Marino; Saudi Arabia; Serbia; Seychelles; Slovakia; Slovenia; South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; Spain; Svalbard & Jan Mayen; Sweden; Switzerland;
Tokelau; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Tunisia; Turkey; Turks and Caicos Islands;
United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom (British citizen); United States of America; Uruguay;
Vatican City; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (US);
Wallis and Futuna Islands.
The countries list above is based on the World Health Organization (WHO) data and is included in a legislative instrument signed by the Minister for Home Affairs.
Which countries do require immigration health examinations?
Countries which are
not listed above require health examinations to be completed where indicated in the table above. This is because they are considered higher risk in terms of TB.
Does special significance apply to me?
If one or more of the special significance situations in the table below applies to you, you will also generally be required to undertake the listed additional health examinations, subject to age considerations.
|Special significance situations||Additional health examinations required|
|You are from a
higher TB-risk country and likely to enter a
health care or hospital environment.||Chest x-ray examination (if aged 11 or over) and a medical examination|
pregnant and intend to have the baby in Australia||Hepatitis B test|
|You intend to work as (or study to be) a
doctor, dentist, nurse or paramedic.||Chest x-ray and medical examinations, HIV, hepatitis B and C blood tests|
|You are likely to work (or be a trainee) at an
Australian childcare centre (including preschools and creches).||Chest x-ray and a medical examination|
aged 75 years or older and applying for a Visitor visa (subclass