Facts and statistics

This page provides information about:

  • the number of people who have become Australian citizens and where recent new citizens have come from
  • the number of applicants who have sat the citizenship test and the pass rates

Australian citizenship statistics

More than 5 million people have become citizens since Australian citizenship was introduced in 1949.

Former nationality or citizenship

In 1949, during the inaugural year of the Nationality and Citizenship Act 1948, Australian citizenship was granted to 2493 people from just over 35 different nationalities. The top 5 nationalities (and number of grants) at that time according to the Australian Yearbook 1953, ABS were:

  • Italian (708)
  • Polish (597)
  • Greek (276)
  • German (225)
  • Yugoslav (80).

In 2016-17, a total of 137,750 people become Australian citizens by conferral from at least 190 different countries.

The following table shows the number of people who were conferred as Australian citizens in 2016-17, according to their former nationality.

Former nationality
Persons
Per cent
India
24,181
18
United Kingdom
21,061
15
Philippines
9112
7
China, Peoples Republic of
6578
5
South Africa
4906
4
Sri Lanka
4487
3
​Pakistan
​4480
​​3
Ireland, Republic of
4286
3
Vietnam
3859
3
New Zealand
3593
3
Other
51,207
37
Total
137,750
100