Immigration risk

Below is information about the methodology used to calculate immigration risk ratings. Education providers can access their Immigration risk rating report in ImmiAccount.

Methodology for calculating immigration risk

Immigration risk ratings are calculated using a weighted average based on the total number of international students (applicants and holders of student visas) that have a confirmation of enrolment (CoE) based on their principal course of study from the education provider.

The following weightings and immigration risk indicators are used to calculate the immigration risk rating of each education provider and country under the SSVF:

  • rate of visa cancellations (25 per cent weighting)
  • rate of refusals due to a fraud reason where the applicant lodged overseas (40 per cent weighting)
  • rate of refusals (excluding fraud) where the applicant lodged overseas (10 per cent weighting)
  • rate of student visa holders becoming unlawful non-citizens (15 per cent weighting)
  • rate of Subsequent Protection Visa applications (10 per cent weighting).

Immigration risk ratings are allocated to each education provider and country

​Risk index (weighted average of all risk indicators) ​Immigration risk rating
​Below 1.0​One
​Between 1.0 and 2.7​Two
​Above 2.7​Three

Small education providers

Education providers that during a 12 month reporting period do not have 50 active student visa holders and/or 50 offshore student visa applications and/or 50 student visas about to expire are allocated a default immigration risk rating of two under the SSVF.

We set this threshold based on experience in managing the streamlined visa processing arrangements and in consultations with a working group of members from the Education Visa Consultative Committee (EVCC).    

Detailed overview of immigration risk indicators

Visa cancellations

Immigration risk reporting for education providers includes student visa cancellations for fraud, non-genuineness, breaches of visa condition 8202 (must maintain enrolment, attendance, course progress and changing courses), and breaches of visa condition 8105 (cannot work more than 40 hours per fortnight when course is in session).

Student visa cancellations where the student requests their visa cancellation are not considered. 

Visa refusals

Refusals that count towards an education provider’s immigration risk rating include refusals including those refused due to fraud

Overstaying a visa 

Students and other visa holders who have overstayed their visa and have been unlawful for a short period of time can apply for a bridging visa. People who have been unlawful and resolve their immigration status within a short period of time (less than 28 days) are unlikely to have an adverse record on our databases. These figures represent visa holders who did not contact us to arrange a bridging visa or another visa and overstayed their visas for more than 28 days.

Unlawful non-citizens

These figures represent visa holders who did not resolve their immigration status and overstayed their visas for more than 28 days.

Protection visa applications

The number of protection visa (PV) applications is defined as the number of people who lodged a PV application where the last visa held by them was a student visa.

Linking a student visa to an education provider

Your immigration risk rating is based on student visas that are linked to your institution. The student visa outcomes are attributed to the education provider specified on the CoE for the principal course at the time the student visa application was decided. If a student transfers to another education provider and is not granted a new student visa, their student visa remains linked to the original education provider.